T O O L S A N D M E T H O N D S
paint is comprised of wax, resin and pigment. Heated tools are
essential for liquifying the wax so that it is workable. The ancient
Greeks used a bronze box containing coals to keep the wax in a molten
state. Today's encaustic artists use a variety of tools to heat the
wax for painting.
Wilma Lopez utilizes a warming tray, an electric dry iron, a stylus, a
hot pen, a hot brush, a hot air gun and a clear acrylic fixative in her
encaustic paintings. Although wax can be applied to many types of
surfaces, Wilma paints on a heavy, tough and flexible high gloss
paper. This heat-resistant paper allows the wax to flow onto the
surface without absorption.
begins each painting by signing her name with an ultra-fine permanent
marker pen. She then applies wax to a heated implement such as an
electric iron and runs the tool over the paper in three steps. First,
Wilma paints a general background in various colors. Second, she
alters and modifies the background to reflect the image she is trying
to project. Finally, Wilma polishes the painting with an untreated
facial tissue and applies a fixing acrylic spray.